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Urologe A. 2002 Jul;41(4):318-24.

[Prevention and complementary medicine in aging].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Urologische Abteilung, Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brüder, Romanstrasse 93, 80639 München.


The subsequent brief review is based on a systematic literature search (Medline, and books under the topic Antiaging from 2001). Among the preventive and complementary measures against aging, caloric restriction with an adequate diet is in first place. If the energy supply is reduced by 17%, cardiovascular mortality drops to 31-41%. Among the mechanisms of aging, impaired formation of reactive oxygen species (oxidative stress) plays an important role. Moreover, antioxidants (vitamins A and B as well as selenium) provide protection. If obesity is complicated by a metabolic syndrome, a formula diet should be employed under the supervision of the urologist. The hormonal changes involved in the male climacteric should be treated by hormone replacement therapy. Testosterone given as a gel, plaster, or injection compensates for the secondary hypogonadism and treats osteoporosis. The muscle function can be improved by physical activity only. Sexual dysfunction, however, is not corrected with androgen hormone replacement therapy, whereas an appropriate physical training program may even improve potency by inducing a reactive penile hyperemia. In his office the urologist may implement a program specifically for the "aging male." If he diagnoses a metabolic syndrome, effective countermeasures are required to prevent early onset of arteriosclerosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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