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J Virol. 2002 Oct;76(19):9877-87.

Activation of terminally differentiated human monocytes/macrophages by dengue virus: productive infection, hierarchical production of innate cytokines and chemokines, and the synergistic effect of lipopolysaccharide.

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  • 1Laboratory of Hematology, Department of Medical Research and Education, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China. yun-chi.chen@path.ox.ac.uk

Abstract

Dengue virus (DV) primarily infects blood monocytes (MO) and tissue macrophages (M phi). We have shown in the present study that DV can productively infect primary human MO/M phi regardless of the stage of cell differentiation. After DV infection, the in vitro-differentiated MO/M phi secreted multiple innate cytokines and chemokines, including tumor necrosis factor alpha, alpha interferon (IFN-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-8, IL-12, MIP-1 alpha, and RANTES but not IL-6, IL-15, or nitric oxide. Secretion of these mediators was highlighted by distinct magnitude, onset, kinetics, duration, and induction potential. A chemokine-to-cytokine hierarchy was noted in the magnitude and induction potential of secretion, and a chemokine-to-cytokine-to-chemokine/Th1 cytokine cascade could be seen in the production kinetics. Furthermore, we found that terminally differentiated MO/M phi cultured for more than 45 days could support productive DV infection and produce innate cytokines and chemokines, indicating that these mature cells were functionally competent in the context of a viral infection. In addition, DV replication in primary differentiated human MO/M phi was enhanced and prolonged in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and LPS-mediated synergistic production of IFN-alpha could be seen in DV-infected MO/M phi. The secretion of innate cytokines and chemokines by differentiated MO/M phi suggests that regional accumulation of these mediators may occur in various tissues to which DV has disseminated and may thus result in local inflammation. The LPS-mediated enhancement of virus replication and synergistic IFN-alpha production suggests that concurrent bacterial infection may modulate cytokine-mediated disease progression during DV infection.

PMID:
12208965
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC136495
Free PMC Article
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