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Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2002 Jul-Aug;18(4):315-23.

Effects of protein kinase Cbeta inhibition on neurovascular dysfunction in diabetic rats: interaction with oxidative stress and essential fatty acid dysmetabolism.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. n.e.cameron@abdn.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Elevated protein kinase C (PKC) activity is thought to play a substantial role in the aetiology of diabetic microvascular complications, the PKCbeta isoform being identified as particularly important. Neuropathy has a vascular component; therefore, one aim was to assess whether the PKCbeta inhibitor, LY333531, could correct nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and perfusion deficits in diabetic rats. Neurovascular dysfunction also depends on oxidant stress and impaired omega-6 essential fatty acid metabolism; correctable by antioxidant and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) treatments, respectively. A second aim was to assess whether there were interactions between these mechanisms and PKCbeta-mediated effects.

METHODS:

Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin; duration was 8 weeks. NCV was monitored and blood flow was assessed by hydrogen clearance microelectrode polarography.

RESULTS:

Diabetes caused 19.7% and 13.9% reductions in sciatic motor and saphenous sensory NCV, respectively. Two weeks of LY333531 treatment dose-dependently corrected these deficits. A dose of 10 mg kg(-1) day(-1) gave non-diabetic NCV values and also completely corrected a 50% diabetic reduction in sciatic endoneurial blood flow. Low-dose (0.25 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) LY333531 had modest effects ( approximately 20% correction) on NCV and sciatic perfusion. However, when combined with equi-effective doses of the antioxidants vitamin E or alpha-lipoic acid, or GLA, motor and sensory NCV and sciatic nerve perfusion were in the non-diabetic range. The joint effect was equivalent to that of the 10 mg kg(-1) day(-1) LY333531 dose, demonstrating synergism between PKCbeta, oxidative stress and essential fatty acid mechanisms.

CONCLUSIONS:

LY333531, alone or combined with antioxidants or GLA, could form the basis for therapeutic intervention in neuropathy, which requires assessment in clinical trials.

Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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