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J Clin Oncol. 2002 Sep 1;20(17):3644-50.

Phase II randomized trial of temozolomide and concurrent radiotherapy in patients with brain metastases.

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  • 1Metaxas Cancer Hospital, Piraeus, Greece. d_antona@hol.gr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of concurrent temozolomide and radiotherapy in patients with previously untreated brain metastases.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Fifty-two patients with brain metastases from solid tumors were randomized to oral temozolomide (75 mg/m(2)/d) concurrent with 40-Gy fractionated conventional external-beam radiotherapy (2 Gy, 5 d/wk) for 4 weeks versus 40-Gy radiotherapy alone. The group receiving temozolomide and radiotherapy continued temozolomide therapy (200 mg/m(2)/d) for 5 days every 28 days for an additional six cycles. The primary end points were radiologic response and neurologic symptom evaluation.

RESULTS:

The objective response rate was significantly (P =.017) improved in patients receiving temozolomide and radiotherapy versus radiotherapy alone. Among 24 patients assessable for response in the temozolomide group, 23 (96%) of 24 responded, including nine (38%) patients with a complete response and 14 (58%) patients with a partial response. With radiotherapy alone, 14 (67%) of 21 assessable patients responded, including seven (33%) complete responses and seven (33%) partial responses. There was marked neurologic improvement in the group receiving temozolomide, and the proportion of patients requiring corticosteroids 2 months after treatment was lower in the temozolomide group compared with radiotherapy alone (67% v 91%, respectively). Daily temozolomide concurrent with radiotherapy was generally well tolerated; however, grade >or= 2 nausea (48% v 13%, P =.13) and vomiting (32% v 0%, P =.004) were significantly increased in the temozolomide group. Hematologic toxicity was predictable and reversible.

CONCLUSION:

Temozolomide is safe, and a significant improvement in response rate was observed when administered in combination with radiotherapy in patients with previously untreated brain metastases. A larger randomized trial is warranted to verify these results.

PMID:
12202665
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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