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J Magn Reson. 2002 Jul;157(1):132-6.

Cesium adsorption in hydrated iron oxide particles suspensions: an NMR study.

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  • 1Department of Biological Physics, University of Mons-Hainaut, B-7000, Mons, Belgium.


137Cs is an important component of nuclear waste which may pollute water. Its migration in natural environments is slowed down by adsorption on minerals. Cesium adsorption on akaganeite (beta-FeOOH) particles, dextran-coated ferrihydrite (5 Fe(2)O(3)-9H(2)O) particles, and ferritin in aqueous solutions is studied with (133)Cs nuclear magnetic resonance measurements. The longitudinal relaxation time (T(1)) of (133)Cs in the presence of such magnetic particles depends on whether the ions bind to the particle or not. T(1) of (133)Cs ions in aqueous solutions containing the same amount of magnetized particles will not depend on cesium concentration if relaxation is governed by diffusion (when cesium is not able to bind), but it will depend on cesium concentration if exchange governs relaxation (when cesium is able to bind). The method is successfully tested using TEMPO, a nitroxide stable free radical whose relaxation is due to diffusion. (133)Cs relaxation in solutions of ferritin, akaganeite, and dextran-coated ferrihydrite particles is found to result from a cationic exchange of cesium ions between particles surface and bulk ions, owing to adsorption. The effect of pH on (133)Cs relaxation in solutions of the particles is consistent with the adsorption properties of cations on hydrated iron oxides.

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