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J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 1;277(44):41556-62. Epub 2002 Aug 23.

The p85 regulatory subunit controls sequential activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase by Tyr kinases and Ras.

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  • 1Department of Immunology and Oncology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Spain.


Class IA phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is a heterodimer composed of a p85 regulatory and a p110 catalytic subunit that regulates a variety of cell responses, including cell division and survival. PI3K is activated following Tyr kinase stimulation and by Ras. We found that the C-terminal region of p85, including the C-Src homology 2 (C-SH2) domain and part of the inter-SH2 region, protects the p110 catalytic subunit from Ras-induced activation. Although the p110 activity associated with a C-terminal p85 deletion mutant increased significantly in the presence of an active form of Ras, purified wild type p85-p110 was only slightly stimulated by active Ras. Nonetheless, incubation of purified p85-p110 with Tyr-phosphorylated peptides, which mimic the activated platelet-derived growth factor receptor, restored Ras-induced p85-p110 activation. In conclusion, p85 inhibits p110 activation by Ras; this blockage is released by Tyr kinase stimulation, showing that the classical mechanism of class IA PI3K stimulation mediated by Tyr kinases also regulates Ras-induced PI3K activation.

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