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J Urol. 2002 Sep;168(3):1080-3.

Minimally invasive laparoscopic neobladder.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Luigi Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy.



To our knowledge orthotopic reconstruction after laparoscopic radical cystectomy has not been described in the human. After anatomical and surgical studies on cadavers we developed an original technique and performed the first laparoscopic radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy and ileal orthotopic neobladder reconstruction in a patient.


Our technique has 3 steps, namely laparoscopic pelvic clearance, external reconstruction and laparoscopic reconstruction. After cystoprostatectomy and lymphadenectomy were completed via laparoscopy we removed the surgical specimens through a 5 cm. supraumbilical incision. Through the same incision an ileal loop was extracted from the abdominal cavity, isolated, detubularized and partially reconfigured. Intestinal continuity was restored extracorporeally. All intestinal loops were inserted back into the abdomen and pneumoperitoneum was started again. The ureteroileal (nipple valve) and urethroileal anastomoses were formed via laparoscopy and the neobladder was then completed with an intracorporeal running suture.


Operative time was 450 minutes and blood loss was 350 ml. Postoperatively pain was minimal. The patient was ambulatory, regained bowel activity on postoperative day 2 and began food intake 2 days later. He was discharged home on postoperative day 7 with an indwelling catheter, which was removed after 7 days. Histopathological examination showed organ confined bladder cancer without margin invasion.


To our knowledge we report the first case of laparoscopic radical cystectomy with ileal orthotopic reconstruction. This original technique combines the advantages of minimally invasive laparoscopy with the speed and safety of open surgery.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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