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J Rural Health. 2002 Summer;18(3):455-66.

Variations in rural AIDS epidemiology and service delivery models in the United States.

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  • 1Community Health Solutions, Inc, Richmond, KY 40475, USA. mmckin@iclub.org


This article reviews AIDS surveillance data and the rural health literature to summarize what is known about the rural AIDS epidemic, characteristics of rural environments that affect HIV service delivery, and approaches that rural areas are using to address the health and support service needs of HIV-positive residents. During 1999, nonmetropolitan (non-MSA) adult/adolescent AIDS rates were highest in the South (11 per 100,000) and Northeast (9 per 100,000). The South had the highest non-MSA proportion of adult/adolescent AIDS cases (12%), followed by the North Central region (9%), the West (4%), and the Northeast (3%). Variations in rural HIV/AIDS epidemiologic patterns and the demographic, socio-economic, and cultural characteristics of rural environments are likely to require different levels of resource investment and different methods of organizing and delivering HIV services. Currently, many HIV-positive rural residents are traveling to metropolitan areas for medical care because of concerns about confidentiality or a lack of confidence in the HIV management capabilities of local physicians. Rural communities are attempting to address these problems by developing the HIV care capacity of existing clinics, building local networks of physicians with HIV management experience, and cultivating "shared care" arrangements with urban-based specialists.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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