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J Biol Chem. 2002 Oct 11;277(41):38827-37. Epub 2002 Aug 12.

C/EBP gamma has a stimulatory role on the IL-6 and IL-8 promoters.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-4320, USA.

Abstract

CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein gamma (C/EBP gamma) is an ubiquitously expressed member of the C/EBP family of transcription factors that has been shown to be an inhibitor of C/EBP transcriptional activators and has been proposed to act as a buffer against C/EBP-mediated activation. We have now unexpectedly found that C/EBP gamma dramatically augments the activity of C/EBP beta in lipopolysaccharide induction of the interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 promoters in a B lymphoblast cell line. This activating role for C/EBP gamma is promoter-specific, neither being observed in the regulation of a simple C/EBP-dependent promoter nor the TNF alpha promoter. C/EBP gamma activity also shows cell-type specificity with no activity observed in a macrophage cell line. Studies with chimeric C/EBP proteins implicate the formation of a heterodimeric leucine zipper between C/EBP beta and C/EBP gamma as the critical structural feature required for C/EBP gamma stimulatory activity. These findings suggest a unique role for C/EBP gamma in B cell gene regulation and, along with our previous observation of the ability of C/EBP basic region-leucine zipper domains to confer lipopolysaccharide inducibility of interleukin-6, suggest that the C/EBP leucine zipper domain has a role in C/EBP function beyond allowing dimerization between C/EBP family members.

PMID:
12177065
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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