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Ann Thorac Surg. 2002 Aug;74(2):438-43.

Aortic cusp extension valvuloplasty for rheumatic aortic valve disease: midterm results.

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  • 1Department of Cardiac Surgery, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris University, France. jean-michel.grinda@egp.ap-hop-paris.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The surgical management of rheumatic aortic insufficiency in the young remains problematic owing to the drawbacks of prosthetic valve replacement at this age. In young foreign patients, for whom long-term anticoagulation therapy is unavailable, we have used a glutaraldehyde preserved autologous pericardium cusp extension technique to repair rheumatic aortic valve insufficiencies resulting from cusp retractions.

METHODS:

From September 1992 to December 2000, 89 consecutive patients with a mean age of 16 +/- 5 years underwent triple pericardial aortic cusp extension valvuloplasty. Eighty patients had pure aortic insufficiency, 9 had mixed aortic disease. Twenty-nine patients (33%) had isolated aortic valve disease and 60 patients (69%) had combined aortic and mitral valve disease with significant tricuspid valve disease in 21 (24%). Aortic repair consisted of free edge aortic cusp extension using three rectangular strips of glutaraldehyde stabilized autologous pericardium. Twenty-nine patients (33%) underwent an isolated aortic repair, 39 patients (44%) underwent combined aortic and mitral procedures (34 mitral repairs, 3 mitral homografts, and 2 prosthesis replacements), and 21 patients (23%) underwent a triple valve repair.

RESULTS:

The hospital mortality was 2.2%. Primary failure of the aortic repair requiring immediate reoperation occurred in 2 patients. During follow-up (mean of 62 +/- 22 months) 1 patient died and 7 underwent redo valvular surgery. At 5 years the actuarial survival rate was 96.4%, and 92.1% of the patients were free from redo valvular surgery. At 7 years 90% of the patients were free from valve-related complications. Among the 76 patients free from redo valvular surgery at follow-up, 6 had deterioration of the repair resulting in grade II aortic and mitral insufficiencies.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our midterm results of glutaraldehyde stabilized autologous pericardial aortic cusp extension are encouraging and suggest that this technique should be considered as a viable alternative palliative procedure in a young rheumatic population, allowing for growth of the annulus and delaying to a less critical period the need for the lifelong anticoagulation therapy required for a prosthetic mechanical valve.

PMID:
12173826
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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