Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2002 Oct 18;277(42):39967-72. Epub 2002 Aug 8.

Induction of the mouse kappa-opioid receptor gene by retinoic acid in P19 cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.


The mouse kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) gene is expressed in mouse embryonal carcinoma P19 cells and induced by retinoic acid (RA) within 24 h. An RA-responsive cis-acting element is identified within promoter I of the KOR gene. This element contains a GC box, a putative binding site for transcription factor Sp1. Enhanced binding of Sp1 to this GC box correlates with RA induction of KOR gene. Phosphatase inhibitor (sodium pyrophosphate) decreases RA induction of this promoter, whereas hypophosphorylation of Sp1 results in an increase in its DNA binding affinity to this promoter as demonstrated by in vitro gel retardation and in vivo chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Consistently, the inhibitor of MEK, PD98058, dose-dependently enhances RA induction of this promoter, suggesting that the ERK signaling pathway is negatively involved in the RA induction of mouse KOR gene activities. Collectively, enhanced binding of Sp1 to promoter I of the KOR gene as a result of inhibiting the ERK pathway contributes to RA induction of this gene in P19.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk