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Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2002 Summer;26(1):23-32.

Motivational interviewing to improve insight and treatment adherence in schizophrenia.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Freiburg, Germany. nicolas_ruesch@psyallg.ukl.uni-freiburg.de


Poor insight and low treatment adherence are common features among persons with schizophrenia that are often related to poor outcome. While insight is a multidimensional phenomenon, common measures of insight have shortcomings and do not include all items relevant for insight and compliance. Different causes of poor insight and compliance such as neurocognitive deficits and psychological coping mechanisms are considered and also the role of awareness in the context of health behavior theory and the stages of change-model. Motivational Interviewing can, with specific modifications for persons with schizophrenia, successfully increase their insight and compliance, because it allows them to explore their own goals and to take a more active role in treatment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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