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J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 1;277(44):41987-2002. Epub 2002 Aug 6.

Cell cycle-regulated gene expression in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Institute of Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.


Regulated gene expression is an important mechanism for controlling cell cycle progression in yeast and mammals, and genes involved in cell division-related processes often show transcriptional regulation dependent on cell cycle position. Analysis of cell cycle processes in plants has been hampered by the lack of synchronizable cell suspensions for Arabidopsis, and few cell cycle-regulated genes are known. Using a recently described synchrony system, we have analyzed RNA from sequential samples of Arabidopsis cells progressing through the cell cycle using Affymetrix Genearrays. We identify nearly 500 genes that robustly display significant fluctuation in expression, representing the first genomic analysis of cell cycle-regulated gene expression in any plant. In addition to the limited number of genes previously identified as cell cycle-regulated in plants, we also find specific patterns of regulation for genes known or suspected to be involved in signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, and hormonal regulation, including key genes of cytokinin response. Genes identified represent pathways that are cell cycle-regulated in other organisms and those involved in plant-specific processes. The range and number of cell cycle-regulated genes show the close integration of the plant cell cycle into a variety of cellular control and response pathways.

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