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J Epidemiol. 2002 May;12(3):249-53.

Familial aggregation of uterine myomas in Japanese women.

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  • 1Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Japan.


To assess the familial aggregation of uterine myomas in Japanese women with myomas, one hundred forty four women requiring surgery for myomas and 288 age-matched healthy controls were studied in Hokkaido, Japan. The incidence of positive first-degree family history of myomas among women aged 45-54 years with myomas was greater than that among controls (31.5% versus 15.2%, respectively, p < 0.01). Analyses categorized by the status of parity and familiality among subjects showed that the risk for myomas was the greatest in women who had both fewer births (parity = 0 or 1) and the positive family history of myomas as compared with those who had both more births (parity > or = 2) and the negative familiality of myomas (odds ratio = 5.8, 95% confidence interval = 2.3 - 14.6). The results of this study suggest that Japanese middle-aged women with myomas have the familial predisposition of uterine myomas. Furthermore, nulliparous women with the familial aggregation of myomas may be at increased risk of the disease.

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