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Cardiovasc Res. 2002 Aug 15;55(3):534-43.

Inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening: a new paradigm for myocardial preconditioning?

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  • 1The Hatter Institute for Cardiovascular Studies, Center for Cardiology, University College London Hospitals and Medical School, Grafton Way, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We propose that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and mitochondrial K(ATP) channel activation protect the myocardium by inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening at reperfusion.

METHODS:

Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 35 min ischemia/120 min reperfusion and assigned to the following groups: (1) control; (2) IPC of 2x5 min each of preceding global ischemia; (3,4,5) 0.2 micromol/l cyclosporin A (CsA, which inhibits MPTP opening), 5 micromol/l FK506 (which inhibits the phosphatase calcineurin without inhibiting MPTP opening), or 20 micromol/l atractyloside (Atr, a MPTP opener) given at reperfusion; (6,7) pre-treatment with 30 micromol/l diazoxide (Diaz, a mitochondrial K(ATP) channel opener) or 200 nmol/l 2 chloro-N(6)-cyclopentyl-adenosine (CCPA, an adenosine A1 receptor agonist); (8) IPC+Atr; (9) Diaz+Atr; (10) CCPA+Atr. The effect of mitochondrial K(ATP) channel activation on calcium-induced MPTP opening in isolated calcein-loaded mitochondria was also assessed.

RESULTS:

IPC, CsA when given at reperfusion, and pre-treatment with diazoxide or CCPA all limited infarct size (19.9+/-2.6% in IPC; 24.6+/-1.9% in CsA, 18.0+/-1.7% in Diaz, 20.4+/-3.3% in CCPA vs. 44.7+/-2.0% in control, P<0.0001). Opening the MPTP with atractyloside at reperfusion abolished this cardio-protective effect (47.7+/-1.8% in IPC+Atr, 42.3+/-3.2% in Diaz+Atr, 51.2+/-1.6% in CCPA+Atr). Atractyloside and FK506, given at reperfusion, did not influence infarct size (45.7+/-2.1% in Atr and 43.1+/-3.6% in FK506 vs. 44.7+/-2.0% in control, P=NS). Diazoxide (30 micromol/l) was shown to reduce calcium-induced MPTP opening by 52.5+/-8.0% in calcein-loaded mitochondria. 5-Hydroxydecanoic acid (100 micromol/l) was able to abolish the cardio-protective effects of both diazoxide and IPC.

CONCLUSION:

One interpretation of these data is that IPC and mitochondrial K(ATP) channel activation may protect the myocardium by inhibiting MPTP opening at reperfusion.

PMID:
12160950
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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