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Ophthalmology. 2002 Aug;109(8):1453-64.

Undersurface ablation of the flap for laser in situ keratomileusis retreatment.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinic, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop a novel technique, undersurface ablation of the flap (UAF), for laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) retreatment in eyes with insufficient posterior stroma.

DESIGN:

Noncomparative, interventional case series.

PARTICIPANTS:

From 30 eyes examined, 25 eyes with a spherical equivalent residual refraction between -0.75 and -3.25 diopters (D) and astigmatism between 0.0 and -1.5 D were prospectively included in the study. In these eyes, calculated postenhancement flap thickness was >150 micro m using micropachymetric optical coherence tomography (OCT), whereas with further ablation of the bed, posterior stromal thickness would have been <250 micro m. Primary LASIK procedures had been performed with the Hansatome microkeratome.

INTERVENTION:

The flap was lifted and the eye deviated downward, so that the corneal visual axis mark aligned with the laser beam. Mirror pattern ablations with an optical zone of 5 mm were performed on the flap stroma using either the Summit Apex Plus excimer laser or the Technolas Keracor 217 spot-scanning excimer laser. New axis orientation for toric ablations was calculated with the formula: beta = 180 degrees - alpha.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Refraction, visual acuity, OCT pachymetry, tangential videokeratography, and patient satisfaction.

RESULTS:

The average follow-up was 6.36 +/- 2.64 months (range, 3-12 months). Mean preenhancement spherical equivalent (-2.05 +/- 0.75 D) was reduced to -0.19 +/- 0.38 D at the last visit (P = 0.001). Mean cylinder decreased from -0.48 +/- 0.53 D before retreatment to -0.23 +/- 0.28 D at the last follow-up (P = 0.003). Best-corrected visual acuity worsened by 1 line in two eyes (8%), and no eye lost 2 or more lines. Satisfactory globe stabilization and stromal smoothness during ablation were more difficult to achieve than with conventional LASIK enhancements. The average central flap thickness before UAF, 187 +/- 13 micro m, decreased to 164 +/- 12 micro m after 1 month (P = 0.001). No keratectasia developed. Finally, 92% of cases were satisfied with surgery compared with 48% before UAF retreatment (P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

UAF retreatment for low residual refractive errors after LASIK in eyes with sufficient flap stroma seems to be effective and may prevent future keratectasia.

PMID:
12153795
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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