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Postgrad Med J. 2002 Jun;78(920):352-9.

Henry Currey FRIBA (1820-1900): leading Victorian hospital architect, and early exponent of the "pavilion principle".

Author information

  • Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL, 183 Euston Road, London, NW1 2BE, UK. g.cook@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

The "pavilion plan" for hospital design originated in France in the 18th century and was popularised in England by John Roberton and George Godwin in the mid-19th century; the underlying rationale was that with improved ventilation the mortality rate (at that time exceedingly high) was significantly reduced. Among the enthusiasts for this new style was Florence Nightingale (herself a miasmatist)--who had experienced astronomically high death rates in the hospital at Scutari during the Crimean War (1854-6). One of the leading exponents of this style of hospital architecture was Henry Currey (1820-1900) whose greatest achievement was undoubtedly the design for the new St Thomas's Hospital on the Lambeth Palace Road.

PMID:
12151691
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1742402
Free PMC Article
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