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Appl Opt. 2002 Jul 20;41(21):4411-5.

Enhanced signal coupling into periodically poled lithium niobate with microlens arrays.

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  • 1christopher.brewer@wpafb.af.mil


The return signal frequency of an eye-safe ladar system is upconverted from the infrared to the visible through sum-frequency generation by incorporation of periodically poled LiNbO3 into the receiver. A quantitative analysis of the angular acceptance and the quantum efficiency is then presented for a single macroscopic receiver optic and a multiaperture microlens array. Comparing both results, a 6x increase in the receiver field of regard and an 18% increase in beam coupling were realized for the microlens design over the macroscopic system.

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