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Am J Ophthalmol. 2002 Aug;134(2):273-4.

Iris color and incident cataract and cataract surgery: the Blue Mountains Eye Study.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess whether an association exists between iris color and the incidence of cataract and cataract surgery.

DESIGN:

Population-based cohort study.

METHODS:

The Blue Mountains Eye Study examined 3654 predominantly Caucasian participants aged 49+ years during 1992-1994, and then 2335 survivors (75.1%) after 5 years. Iris color was determined by comparison with four standard photographs. Slit-lamp and retro-illumination lens photographs were graded for presence and severity of cortical, nuclear, or posterior subcapsular cataract. Incident cataract surgery was recorded by history and from the photographs.

RESULTS:

Participants with dark brown iris color had an increased incidence of nuclear cataract, odds ratio (OR) 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2 to 2.8, and cataract surgery (OR, 2.5; CI, 1.4-4.2) in multivariate models, compared with participants with blue iris color.

CONCLUSION:

Incidence data from this study support previous cross-sectional findings linking dark brown iris color with age-related cataract.

PMID:
12140040
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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