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Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Aug;22(16):5897-911.

Site-directed perturbation of protein kinase C- integrin interaction blocks carcinoma cell chemotaxis.

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  • 1Richard Dimbleby/Cancer Research UK Department of Cancer Research, GKT School of Medicine, St. Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, United Kingdom.


Polarized cell movement is an essential requisite for cancer metastasis; thus, interference with the tumor cell motility machinery would significantly modify its metastatic behavior. Protein kinase C alpha (PKC alpha) has been implicated in the promotion of a migratory cell phenotype. We report that the phorbol ester-induced cell polarization and directional motility in breast carcinoma cells is determined by a 12-amino-acid motif (amino acids 313 to 325) within the PKC alpha V3 hinge domain. This motif is also required for a direct association between PKC alpha and beta 1 integrin. Efficient binding of beta 1 integrin to PKC alpha requires the presence of both NPXY motifs (Cyto-2 and Cyto-3) in the integrin distal cytoplasmic domains. A cell-permeant inhibitor based on the PKC-binding sequence of beta 1 integrin was shown to block both PKC alpha-driven and epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced chemotaxis. When introduced as a minigene by retroviral transduction into human breast carcinoma cells, this inhibitor caused a striking reduction in chemotaxis towards an EGF gradient. Taken together, these findings identify a direct link between PKC alpha and beta 1 integrin that is critical for directed tumor cell migration. Importantly, our findings outline a new concept as to how carcinoma cell chemotaxis is enhanced and provide a conceptual basis for interfering with tumor cell dissemination.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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