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Urology. 2002 Aug;60(2):288-91.

Nonsurgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia in men with bladder calculi.

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  • 1Section of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.



To assess the outcome of men with bladder calculi who did not undergo transurethral resection of the prostate after endoscopic stone removal. Bladder calculi associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have historically been an absolute indication for transurethral resection of the prostate.


A retrospective analysis of the results of 23 men who underwent endoscopic removal of bladder calculi with subsequent medical management of BPH symptoms was performed. Inclusion criteria included men with bladder stones secondary to BPH, serum creatinine 1.6 mg/dL or less, no evidence of hydronephrosis, and no history of acute urinary retention or neurogenic bladder. The International Prostate Symptom Score and postvoid residual urine volume before and after treatment and the incidence of bladder stone recurrence and associated complications were recorded. All patients were treated with either an alpha-receptor blocker or alpha-receptor blocker and finasteride after bladder stone removal.


The follow-up after endoscopic removal of the bladder calculi averaged 30.0 months (range 6 to 96). The International Prostate Symptom Score before and after treatment was 18.3 and 9.4 (P <0.01), respectively. The postvoid residual urine volume before and after treatment was 354 and 179 mL (P <0.01), respectively. Urinary tract infection, acute urinary retention, recurrent calculi, chronic renal insufficiency, or renal failure developed in 21.7% (n = 5), 17.4% (n = 4), 17.4% (n = 4), 4.3% (n = 1), and 0% (n = 0) of the 23 men, respectively. Overall, 18 (78%) did not have any complications.


Many men with bladder stones can be successfully and safely treated with transurethral stone removal and medical management of BPH.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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