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Mol Cells. 2002 Jun 30;13(3):488-92.

Genomic organization and identification of a novel alternative splicing variant of mouse mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase (TrxR2) gene.

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  • 1anmi@biosci.ki.se


Eukaryotic mitochondria are equipped with a complete thioredoxin system, composed of thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase, which has been implicated in the protection against the reactive oxygen intermdiates generated during the respiratory process in this organelle. Like its cytosolic counterpart, mammalian mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase is a homodimeric selenoprotein. We report here the genomic organization of the mouse mitochondrial thioredoxin gene (TrxR2) that spans 53 kb and consists of 18 exons ranging from 20 to 210 bp. All splicing sites conformed to the GT/AG rule with the exon-intron boundaries located exactly at the same position as the human TrxR2 gene, the only mammalian mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase gene whose genomic structure has been elucidated to date. In addition, we have identified a novel mRNA splicing variant lacking intron 14 resulting in a protein subunit with a shorter interface domain. This new splicing variant provides a framework for further analysis of this important enzyme as its predicted homodimeric conformation can now be expanded to a putative heterodimeric structure as well as a small subunit homodimer with the obvious implications at the regulatory level.

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