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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jul 26;295(4):877-83.

Lys 43 and Asp 46 in alpha-helix 3 of uteroglobin are essential for its phospholipase A2 inhibitory activity.

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  • 1Section on Developmental Genetics, Heritable Disorders Branch, NICHD, Bethesda, MD 20892-1830, USA.

Abstract

Uteroglobin (UG) is an anti-inflammatory, secreted protein with soluble phospholipase A2 (sPLA2)-inhibitory activity. However, the mechanism by which UG inhibits sPLA2 activity is unknown. UG is a homodimer in which each of the 70-amino acid subunits forms four alpha-helices. We previously reported that sPLA2-inhibitory activity of UG may reside in a segment of alpha-helix 3 that is exposed to the solvent. In addition, it has been suggested that UG may inhibit sPLA2 activity by binding and sequestering Ca++, essential for sPLA2 activation. By site-specific mutation, we demonstrate here that Lys 43 Glu, Asp 46 Lys or a combination of the two mutations in the full-length, recombinant human UG (rhUG) abrogates its sPLA2-inhibitory activity. We demonstrate further that recombinant UG does not bind Ca++ although when it is expressed with histidine-tag (H-tag) it is capable of binding Ca++. Taken together our results show that: (i) Lys 43 and Asp 46 in rhUG are critical residues for the sPLA2-inhibitory activity of UG and (ii) Ca++-sequestration by rhUG is not likely to be one of the mechanisms responsible for its sPLA2-inhibitory activity.

PMID:
12127976
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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