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Cytokine. 2002 May 21;18(4):179-83.

Reactive oxygen species induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis partly through TNF-alpha.

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  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


Many studies have indicated that oxidative stress induces apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, but its mechanism remains unknown. We examined whether tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is involved in oxidative stress-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Pretreatment with anti-TNF-alpha antibody significantly decreased the number of H(2)O(2)-induced TUNEL-positive cardiomyocytes. Expression of TNF-alpha gene was upregulated by H(2)O(2), and H(2)O(2) mildly but significantly increased the concentration of TNF-alpha in the culture medium. Although neither low dose of H(2)O(2) nor TNF-alpha induced apoptosis, stimulation with H(2)O(2) and TNF-alpha synergistically increased apoptosis. These results suggest that oxidative stress induces apoptosis of cardiac myocytes partly through TNF-alpha.

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