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Prog Transplant. 2002 Jun;12(2):81-5.

Pediatric recipients of living donor lobar lung transplants: postoperative care.

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  • 1Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Calif., USA.


Bilateral living donor lobar lung transplantation is a treatment option for selected children and adults with end-stage lung disease. Careful donor evaluation, skilled intraoperative management and surgical technique, and diligent immediate postoperative care and follow-up all contribute to better outcomes. Although medical management of whole lung transplant recipients in the immediate postoperative period is similar to that of lobar lung transplant recipients, there are specific differences. Anatomical distinctions, such as the entire cardiac output flowing to 2 lobes instead of 5, and thoracic space issues with simultaneous mechanical ventilation and chest tube suction, contribute to these differences. Early postoperative care, including initial postoperative stabilization, ventilation, fluid management, rejection/infection surveillance and prophylaxis, and beginning rehabilitation, can be adapted to ensure successful outcomes in these patients.

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