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Impaired gastrocolonic response and peristaltic reflex in slow-transit constipation: role of 5-HT(3) pathways.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, S-41345 Gothenburg, Sweden.

Abstract

Colonic motility is modulated by the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(3)-dependent gastrocolonic response and 5-HT(3)-independent peristaltic reflex. We compared descending colon tone responses to antral distension, duodenal lipid perfusion, and colonic distension after double-blind placebo or granisetron in 13 healthy volunteers and nine slow-transit constipated patients. Antral distension (100-300 ml) and duodenal lipids (3 kcal/min) evoked increases in colon tone in volunteers, which were blunted in constipated patients (P < 0.05). Granisetron (10 microg/kg) reduced responses to antral distension and lipids in volunteers and to lipids in constipated patients (P < 0.05). The ascending contraction of the peristaltic reflex was blunted in constipated patients (P < 0.05), whereas descending responses were similar. Granisetron did not modify the peristaltic reflex. Colonic responses to bethanechol were similar in patients and volunteers. In conclusion, antral distension- and duodenal lipid-activated gastrocolonic responses and ascending contractions of the peristaltic reflex are impaired with slow-transit constipation with loss of both 5-HT(3)-dependent and -independent function. Thus abnormalities of neural reflex modulation of colonic motor function may play pathophysiological roles in slow-transit constipation.

PMID:
12121888
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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