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Ann Rheum Dis. 2002 Aug;61(8):730-3.

Addition of interleukin 1 (IL1) and IL17 soluble receptors to a tumour necrosis factor alpha soluble receptor more effectively reduces the production of IL6 and macrophage inhibitory protein-3alpha and increases that of collagen in an in vitro model of rheumatoid synoviocyte activation.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, Hôpital E Herriot, 69437 Lyon Cedex 03, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the usefulness of combination treatment with cytokine inhibitors.

METHODS:

A simplified model was set up to evaluate the effect of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) soluble receptors (sTNFR) used alone and in combination with soluble interleukin 1 receptor (sIL1R) and sIL17R on the production of markers of inflammation (IL6), of migration of dendritic cells (macrophage inhibitory protein-3alpha (MIP-3alpha)), and of matrix synthesis (C-propeptide of type 1 collagen (P1CP)). Synoviocytes were stimulated with supernatants of activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Soluble receptors (sR) were preincubated at 1 gammag/ml alone or in combination with the supernatants before addition to RA synoviocytes. IL6, MIP-3alpha, and P1CP production was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 48 hour synoviocyte supernatants.

RESULTS:

IL6 production decreased by 16% with sTNFR alone compared with no sTNFR (p<0.001) and by 41% with the combination of the three sR (p<0.001). MIP-3alpha production decreased by 77% with sTNFR alone compared with no sTNFR (p<0.001) and by 98% with the combination of the three sR (p<0.001). In the presence of sTNFR alone, P1CP production increased by 25% compared with no sR (p<0.01). The combination of the three sR increased P1CP production by 48% (p<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

The effect of sTNFR on IL6, MIP-3alpha, and P1CP production by RA synoviocytes stimulated by activated PBMC supernatants was further enhanced when combined with sIL1R and sIL17R.

PMID:
12117682
PMCID:
PMC1754206
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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