Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Sci Total Environ. 2002 Jul 3;293(1-3):163-75.

First flush analysis of urban storm runoff.

Author information

  • 1Department of Environmental Engineering, Chongju National College of Science and Technology, Chungbuk, South Korea. jlee@cjnc.ac.kr


Stormwater runoff was monitored on 13 separate urban watersheds, which were chosen to represent distinct types of residential and industrial development, along with various watershed characteristics. A total of 38 storm events were monitored to investigate the first flush phenomenon. The first flush phenomenon may be defined as the initial period of stormwater runoff during which the concentration of pollutants is substantially higher than during later stages. The magnitude of the first flush phenomenon, and if it actually occurs, was calculated using a method of data analysis which results in determining the 'event mean concentration' (EMC). The magnitude of the first flush phenomenon was found to be greater for some pollutants (e.g. suspended solids from residential areas) and less for others (e.g. chemical oxygen demand from industrial areas). No correlation was observed between the first flush phenomenon and the antecedent dry weather period, however, the first flush phenomenon was greater for smaller watershed areas.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk