Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Cell Death Differ. 2002 Aug;9(8):818-31.

Cleavage of plasma membrane calcium pumps by caspases: a link between apoptosis and necrosis.

Author information

  • 1Molecular Toxicology, Faculty of Biology, University of Konstanz, Germany.

Abstract

Neuronal death, which follows ischemic injury or is triggered by excitotoxins, can occur by both apoptosis and necrosis. Caspases, which are not directly required for necrotic cell death, are central mediators of the apoptotic program. Here we demonstrate that caspases cleave and inactivate the plasma membrane Ca(2+) pump (PMCA) in neurons and non-neuronal cells undergoing apoptosis. PMCA cleavage impairs intracellular Ca(2+) handling, which results in Ca(2+) overload. Expression of non-cleavable PMCA mutants prevents the disturbance in Ca(2+) handling, slows down the kinetics of apoptosis, and markedly delays secondary cell lysis (necrosis). These findings suggest that caspase-mediated cleavage and inactivation of PMCAs can lead to necrosis, an event that is reduced by caspase inhibitors in brain ischemia.

PMID:
12107825
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk