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Neurology. 2002 Jul 9;59(1):59-66.

Contribution of APOE promoter polymorphisms to Alzheimer's disease risk.

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  • 1INSERM U508, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the effects of APOE promoter polymorphisms on AD are independent of the APOE-epsilon4 allele.

BACKGROUND:

Recently, the -491 A-->T and -219 G-->T polymorphisms located in the APOE promoter have been suggested to be risk factors for AD. However, the effects of these polymorphisms have not always been reproduced in case-control studies, possibly because of the strong linkage disequilibrium existing at this locus or the characteristics of the populations studied.

METHODS:

Data collection was performed from six independent samples (1,732 patients with AD and 1,926 control subjects) genotyped for APOE exon 4 and the two APOE promoter polymorphisms. The risks associated with the APOE polymorphisms for developing AD were estimated using logistic regression procedures and calculation of odds ratios with 95% CI adjusted by age, sex, and collection center. Independence of the APOE promoter polymorphisms was tested by stratification for APOE-epsilon4 and tertile design was used for age stratification.

RESULTS:

The independence of the -491 AA genotype was observed in the whole sample whereas the independence of the -219 TT genotype was observed only in the oldest population.

CONCLUSION:

The -491 and -219 APOE promoter polymorphisms incur risk for AD in addition to risk associated with the APOE-epsilon4 allele, with age accentuating the effect of the -219 TT genotype. Because these polymorphisms appear to influence apoE levels, these results suggest that APOE expression is an important determinant of AD pathogenesis.

PMID:
12105308
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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