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Appl Opt. 2002 Jul 1;41(19):4013-23.

Liquid-crystal adaptive optics based on feedback interferometry for high-resolution retinal imaging.

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  • 1Photonics Research Institute, National Institute of Advances Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan.


A novel, to our knowledge, adaptive optical imaging system for high-resolution retinal imaging is described. The system is based on a feedback interferometer, in which two-dimensional output fringe intensity from a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with large radial shear is fed back, with the help of a video projector connected with a CCD camera, to an optically addressed phase-only liquid-crystal spatial light modulator. Experiments to verify the system performance have been conducted by use of an artificial eye consisting of a lens, an aberration plate, and a resolution test target. We observed that an image of the test target (mimicking a retina) blurred by the aberration plate (mimicking ocular aberrations) was successfully restored immediately after our adaptive optics system was activated.

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