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Forensic Sci Int. 2002 Jun 25;127(1-2):114-8.

The efficiency of the demarking point of the femoral head as a sex determining parameter.

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  • 1School of Anatomical Sciences, Medical School, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa.


The percentage of skeletal remains that can be sexed depends on the degree of completeness of the skeleton, the parameters that are used and the type of statistical analysis that is done. The objective of the present study was to assess the accuracy of the demarking point in sexing the femur of South African whites and blacks. One hundred pairs of femurs were randomly selected from the bone collections of each of the two racial groups. The bones were sexed by measuring the head diameters and comparing them with the corresponding demarking point values that had been previously determined. The sex that was so allocated to each bone was compared with its documented sex in the database in order to assess the accuracy of the method. The overall success rate of sex identification was 32% for both white and black populations, but the accuracy of sexing was 100%.

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