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Am J Surg. 2002 Jun;183(6):668-72.

The role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the management of acute cholecystitis in patients with sickle cell disease.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia. abdu3939@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

As emergency surgery in sickle cell disease patients is associated with high morbidity, the aim of the study was to assess the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the acute state for these patients.

METHODS:

Over a 5-year period, April 1994 till December 1998, 35 sickle cell patients with acute cholecystitis had laparoscopic cholecystectomy within the first 5 days of presentation. A retrospective study of these was undertaken.

RESULTS:

Thirty-five patients were diagnosed as having acute cholecystitis with sickle cell disease. There were 26 female and 9 male patients; 5 patients needed preoperative and 1 patient needed postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Twenty-seven patients needed simple transfusion and 8 needed partial exchange; conversion was necessary in two cases (5.7%). The mean hospital stay was 5.3 days and the complication rate was 17.5%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Because of the lack of significant complications, we believe that laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is safe and recommended in experienced hands with adequate preoperative preparation for patients with sickle cell disease.

PMID:
12095599
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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