Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2002 Jul 2;106(1):86-91.

Stroke complicating percutaneous coronary interventions: incidence, predictors, and prognostic implications.

Author information

  • 1Cardiovascular Research Institute and the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA. shmuel.fuchs@medstar.net



Stroke associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an infrequent although devastating complication. We investigated the incidence, predictors, and prognostic impact of periprocedural stroke in unselected patients undergoing PCI.


A total of 9662 patients who underwent 12 407 PCIs between January 1990 and July 1999 were retrospectively studied. Stroke was diagnosed in 43 patients (0.38% of procedures). Patients with stroke were older (72+/-11 versus 64+/-11 years, P<0.001), had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (42+/-12 versus 46+/-13%, P=0.04) and more diabetes (39.5% versus 27.2%, P=0.07), and experienced a higher rate of intraprocedural complications necessitating emergency use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) (23.3% versus 3.3%, P<0.001). In-hospital mortality (37.2% versus 1.1%, P<0.001) and 1-year mortality (56.1% versus 6.5%, P<0.001) were higher in patients with stroke. Compared with hemorrhagic stroke, patients with ischemic stroke had higher rate of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (57.1% versus 25%, P=0.037). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified emergency use of IABP as the strongest predictors for stroke (OR=9.6, CI 3.9 to 23.9, P<0.001), followed by prophylactic use of IABP (OR=5.1), age >80 years (OR=3.2, compared with age <50 years), and vein graft intervention (OR=2.7).


Stroke associated with contemporary PCI is associated with substantial increased mortality. Elderly patients who experience intraprocedural complications necessitating the use of IABP are at particularly high risk.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk