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Pathol Res Pract. 2002;198(5):363-7.

Angiomyolipoma of the liver and lung: a case explained by the presence of perivascular epithelioid cells.

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  • 1Servicio de Anatomía Patológica, Hospital de Móstoles, Madrid, España.


We report a case of synchronous hepatic and pulmonary angiomyolipoma not associated with tuberous sclerosis or renal angiomyolipoma. The liver tumor contained tortuous vessels, smooth muscle tissue, and fat. It was partially necrotic and made up of pleomorphic epithelioid smooth muscle cells. Positivity for HMB-45 confirmed the diagnosis of angiomyolipoma. Lung biopsy showed multiple abnormal proliferation of smooth muscle cells exhibiting spindle-shaped or epithelioid morphology. The tumor grew around the vessels, and the cells were positive for HMB-45. The occurrence of this case could be explained by a simultaneous proliferation of perivascular epithelioid cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of hepatic angiomyolipoma associated with multiple pulmonary angiomyolipomas, mimicking hepatic tumor lung metastases on X-ray examination.

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