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Am J Public Health. 2002 Jul;92(7):1151-7.

Optimal indicators of socioeconomic status for health research.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Polict Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. greg-duncan@northwestern.edu

Erratum in

  • Am J Public Health 2002 Aug;92(8):1212.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In this study we examined the relationship between indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality for a representative sample of individuals.

METHODS:

The sample included 3734 individuals aged 45 and older interviewed in 1984 in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. In the current study, mortality was tracked between 1984 and 1994 and is related to SES indicators of education, occupation, income, and wealth.

RESULTS:

Wealth and recent family income were the indicators that were most strongly associated with subsequent mortality. These associations persisted after we controlled for the other SES indicators and were stronger for women than for men and for non-elderly than for elderly individuals.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found that the economic indicators of SES were usually as strongly associated with mortality as, if not more strongly associated with mortality than, the more conventional indicators of completed schooling and occupation.

Comment in

PMID:
12084700
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1447206
Free PMC Article
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