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J Perinatol. 2002 Jul-Aug;22(5):374-9.

Comparison of kangaroo care and standard care: behavioral organization, development, and temperament in healthy, low-birth-weight infants through 1 year.

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  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Sakamoto, Nagasaki, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether Kangaroo Care (KC) for healthy, low-birth-weight (LBW) infants can promote better behavioral and developmental outcomes.

STUDY DESIGN:

In this historical control study, 26 infants in the KC group (GA: 34.3+/-2.5 weeks, BW: 1833.9+/-167.6 g) and 27 infants in the comparison group who received the standard medical-nursing care (34.6+/-2.3 weeks, 1850.9+/-156.7 g) were analyzed by the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) at 40 weeks of postmenstrual age, the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and the Carey's Infant Temperament Questionnaire (ITQ) at 6 and 12 months corrected ages.

RESULTS:

KC infants had significantly higher NBAS scores in Orientation, State Regulation, and Supplementary items; lower Intensity scores and higher Mood scores at 6 months on the ITQ; and higher Bayley Scales score at 12 months.

CONCLUSION:

KC effectively promoted neonatal behavioral organization and enhanced developmental outcome over the first year of life for LBW infants.

PMID:
12082472
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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