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J Biol Chem. 2002 Sep 20;277(38):35314-22. Epub 2002 Jun 24.

Interaction of p58(PITSLRE), a G2/M-specific protein kinase, with cyclin D3.

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  • 1Gene Research Center, Fudan University Medical Center (Former Shanghai Medical University), Shanghai, People's Republic of China 200032.

Abstract

The p58(PITSLRE) is a p34(cdc2)-related protein kinase that plays an important role in normal cell cycle progression. Elevated expression of p58(PITSLRE) in eukaryotic cells prevents them from undergoing normal cytokinesis and appears to delay them in late telophase. To investigate the molecular mechanism of p58(PITSLRE) action, we used the yeast two-hybrid system, screened a human fetal liver cDNA library, and identified cyclin D3 as an interacting partner of p58(PITSLRE). In vitro binding assay, in vivo coimmunoprecipitation, and immunofluorescence cell staining further confirmed the association of p58(PITSLRE) with cyclin D3. This binding was observed only in the G(2)/M phase but not in the G(1)/S phase of the cell cycle; meanwhile, no interaction between p110(PITSLRE) and cyclin D3 was observed in all the cell cycle. The overexpression of cyclin D3 in 7721 cells leads to an exclusively accumulation of p58(PITSLRE) in the nuclear region, affecting its cellular distribution. Histone H1 kinase activity of p58(PITSLRE) was greatly enhanced upon interaction with cyclin D3. Furthermore, kinase activity of p58(PITSLRE) was found to increase greatly in the presence of cyclin D3 using a specific substrate, beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 1. These data provide a new clue to our understanding of the cellular function of p58(PITSLRE) and cyclin D3.

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