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Toxicol Lett. 2002 Jul 7;133(1):103-11.

Combined effects of anions on arsenic removal by iron hydroxides.

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  • 1Center for Environmental Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA.


Batch experiments were conducted to investigate the combined effects of phosphate, silicate, and bicarbonate on the removal of arsenic from Bangladesh groundwater (BGW) and simulated groundwater by iron hydroxides. The apparent adsorption constants indicated that the affinity of the anions for iron hydroxide sites decreased in the following order arsenate>phosphate>arsenite>silicate>bicarbonate. Phosphate, silicate, and bicarbonate decreased the removal of As(III) even at relatively low concentrations and low surface site coverage. Phosphate (0-0.08 mM), silicate (0-0.8 mM), and bicarbonate (0-14 mM) in separate solutions had none to moderate effects on As(V) removal in a solution containing 6.7 mg/l Fe and 0.3 ppm As(V). In the presence of bicarbonate and silicate the adverse effect of phosphate on As(V) adsorption was magnified. The residual As(V) concentration after iron hydroxide treatment increased from less than 13 microg/l in separate bicarbonate (2.2 mM) and phosphate (0.062 mM) solutions to 110 microg/l in the solution containing both anions. The results suggested the combined effects of phosphate, silicate, and bicarbonate caused the high mobility of arsenic in Bangladesh water.

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