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J Biol Chem. 2002 Aug 30;277(35):31484-90. Epub 2002 Jun 17.

Selective binding of synapse-associated protein 97 to GluR-A alpha-amino-5-hydroxy-3-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate receptor subunit is determined by a novel sequence motif.

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  • 1Department of Biosciences, Division of Biochemistry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki FIN-00014, Finland.

Abstract

A family of four closely related PDZ domain-containing membrane-associated guanylate kinase homologues (MAGUKs) is involved in the regulation of the amount and functional state of ionotropic glutamate receptors in excitatory synapses. To understand the mechanisms that determine the specificity of these interactions, we examined the structural basis of the highly selective association between the ionotropic GluR subunit GluR-A and synapse-associated protein 97 (SAP97). The C terminus of GluR-A bound to the PDZ domains of SAP97, but not to those of three related MAGUKs, PSD-93, PSD-95, and SAP102. Experiments with single PDZ domains indicated that the strongest contribution was by the second PDZ domain. Unexpectedly, mutation analysis of the GluR-A C terminus revealed that a tripeptide sequence SSG at position -9 to -11 plays an essential role in this binding, in addition to a C-terminal type I PDZ binding motif (leucine at C terminus and threonine at the -2 position). Analysis of the in vitro MAGUK-binding properties of a GluR-D mutant with a one-residue deletion at the C terminus provides further support for the view that an SSG sequence located N-terminally from a type I PDZ binding motif can mediate selective binding to SAP97 and suggest the existence of a novel variation of the PDZ domain-peptide interaction.

PMID:
12070168
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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