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Vopr Med Khim. 2002 Jan-Feb;48(1):121-30.

[Screening of mutations in genes of pro-opiomelanocortin in patients with constitutional exogenous obesity].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

  • 1Endocrine Research Centre of RAMN, 115478, Moscow, Moscyorechye str, 1, Russian Federation. yuri-pankov@mtu-net.ru


Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is a precursor of ACTH, beta- and gamma-liportopins, alpha-, beta- and gamma-MSH, beta-endorphin. alpha-, beta- and gamma-MSH are synthesized by hypothalamus neurons, and leptin stimulates their synthesis. These hormones regulate food consumption and energy metabolism by via melanocortin receptors (MC3-R and MC4-R) in hypothalamus. Screening mutations in the coding region of human POMC has been carried out with PCR, SSCP and DNA sequencing and the association study of these mutations and human obesity has been performed. Group of patients with the exogenous obesity (BMI 37.8 +/- 6.8 kg/m2) consisted of 228 persons (173 women and 55 men). 145 blood donors (67 women and 78 men) without obesity (BMI J25 kg/m2, 23.1 +/- 2.2 kg/m2) and 170 women without apparent obesity at the beginning of the study were included in the control group. 8 polymorph sites: insertions; missense and silent mutations have been identified in the coding region of POMC. Among them 1) two heterozygous mutations: the insertion of 6 b.p. (GGGCCC) in codon 176 inducing the insertion of two amino acid residues (Arg-Ala) in POMC and nonsense mutation (G-7316-T) in codon 180 of gamma-LTH coding region of the same DNA chain were identified in 4 women (5.8%) out of 69 patients with morbid obesity (BMI 40-53 kg/m2). These mutations were not found in control (n = 315). 2) The new heterozygous mutation T-7130-C (Phe118Leu) in active site of alpha-MSH has been identified in POMC gene of a woman suffering with obesity since the early childhood. 3) Mutation A-7341-G (Glu188Gly) seemed to have a protective effect because it was revealed more frequently in control (3.9%) than in obese patients (0.66%). The results of genetic study of two pedigrees suggested the dominant influence of the first two mutations (1 and 2) on woman obesity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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