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Dis Esophagus. 2002;15(1):39-45.

Reasons for current practices in managing Barrett's esophagus.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Stanford University Medical Center, California, USA. otto.lin@vmmc.org

Abstract

We evaluated the reasons for current practices in managing Barrett's esophagus. Using a questionnaire, we assessed the practices and beliefs of 162 Californian gastroenterologists in managing Barrett's esophagus, using descriptive statistics as well as multivariate logistic regression. Out of the 103 respondents, 87% screened for Barrett's esophagus in patients with > 12 months of reflux symptoms, but only 72% believed that screening would improve survival, and 48% believed it to be cost-effective. In total, 98% surveyed patients with long-segment Barrett's esophagus at least biennially (76% thought this would improve survival and 49% believed it to be cost-effective) and 82% surveyed short-segment Barrett's esophagus at least biennially (57% thought this would improve survival and 30% believed it to be cost-effective). Finally, 44% surveyed microscopic intestinal metaplasia at least biennially (26% thought this would improve survival and 11% believed it to be cost-effective). In total, 18% performed endoscopic ablation, whereas 3% referred patients with low-grade dysplasia and 85% referred patients with high-grade dysplasia for esophagectomy. Finally, 81% treated asymptomatic Barrett's esophagus patients with proton pump inhibitors, but only 56% believed that this would reduce the risk of cancer. Logistic regression showed that the only independent factor predictive of surveillance practices was belief in efficacy. Practice patterns tend to be more aggressive than those recommended by recent guidelines and those reported by previous surveys. Medico-legal considerations affect practice substantially.

PMID:
12060041
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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