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Circulation. 2002 Jun 11;105(23):2737-40.

Five-year clinical follow-up after intracoronary radiation: results of a randomized clinical trial.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, Calif 92037, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Several clinical trials indicate that intracoronary radiation is safe and effective for treatment of restenotic coronary arteries. We previously reported 6-month and 3-year clinical and angiographic follow-up demonstrating significant decreases in target lesion revascularization (TLR) and angiographic restenosis after gamma radiation of restenotic lesions. The objective of this study was to document the clinical outcome 5 years after treatment of restenotic coronary arteries with catheter-based iridium-192 (192Ir).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

A double-blind, randomized trail compared 192Ir to placebo sources in patients with restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Over a 9-month period, 55 patients were enrolled; 26 were randomized to 192Ir and 29 to placebo. At 5-year follow-up, TLR was significantly lower in the 192Ir group (23.1% versus 48.3%; P=0.05). There were 2 TLRs between years 3 and 5 in patients in the 192Ir group and none in patients in the placebo group. The 5-year event-free survival rate (freedom from death, myocardial infarction, or TLR) was greater in 192Ir-treated patients (61.5% versus 34.5%; P=0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite apparent mitigation of efficacy over time, there remains a significant reduction in TLR at 5 years and an improvement in event-free survival in patients treated with intracoronary 192Ir. The early clinical benefits after intracoronary gamma radiation with 192Ir seem durable at 5-year clinical follow-up.

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PMID:
12057987
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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