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Acta Haematol. 2002;107(4):213-9.

Interferon-alpha therapy following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma.

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  • 1First Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Chronic Viral Disease, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.


In the present report, we describe a case of adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), a 58-year-old woman, successfully treated with interferon (IFN)-alpha following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (auto-PBSCT). The patient remains in remission with full performance status for more than 12 months. Auto-PBSCT reduced the abdominal lymphoma mass and IFN-alpha eliminated residual tumor cells, possibly through the induction of specific T-cell subsets expressing CD3, CD8 on their surfaces and either IFN-gamma or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in cytoplasm. We have treated a total of 4 ATLL patients with auto-PBSCT, including the case presented herein. All other patients treated with auto-PBSCT were not followed by adjuvant chemotherapy or cytokine therapy and relapsed within 3 months after auto-PBSCT. This evidence suggests that the therapeutic success of the present case was attributable to the administration of IFN-alpha immunotherapy following auto-PBSCT.

Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

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