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Magy Onkol. 2002;46(1):11-5. Epub 2003 Feb 3.

[HER-2 diagnostics].

[Article in Hungarian]

Author information

  • 1Gerhard-Domagk Institut für Pathologie, Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany. bankfal@uni-muenster.de

Abstract

HER-2 (c-erbB2, neu) receptor is the molecular marker of ductal breast cancer although it is verexpressed in other adenocarcinoma as well (e.g.endometrial, colorectal and lung cancers). The increased receptor expression is most frequently (90-97%) due to gene amplification. Detection of the overexpression of HER-2 helps to determine prognosis, to predict chemoresistance and to select for Herceptin therapy. HER-2 overexpression can be estimated either by immunohistochemistry or by fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH). Standardization of the immunohistochemical HER-2 tests is the best in HercepTest DAKO), however, the frequent 2+level requires complementary FISH test to verify gene amplification. This combination is not necessary at low (0-1+) or high (3+) level of immunohistochemical reactions, because the correlation with gene amplification status is acceptably high. Recently several new anti-HER-2 antibodies have been introduced into HER-2 diagnostics in various countries. According to our experiences we recommend to combine rationally the immunohistochemistry and FISH techniques to determine the HER-2 status in breast cancer.

PMID:
12050677
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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