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Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002 Jun;21(6):1055-60.

A new source for cardiovascular tissue engineering: human bone marrow stromal cells.

Author information

  • 1Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Raemistrasse 100, CH 8091 Zurich, Switzerland. alexander.kadner@chi.usz.ch

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Vascular-derived cells represent an established cell source for tissue engineering of cardiovascular constructs. Previously, cell isolation was performed by harvesting of vascular structures prior to scaffold seeding. Marrow stromal cells (MSC) demonstrate the ability to differentiate into multiple mesenchymal cell lineages and would offer an alternative cell source for tissue engineering involving a less invasive harvesting technique. We studied the feasibility of using MSC as an alternative cell source for cardiovascular tissue engineering.

METHODS:

Human MSC were isolated from bone marrow and expanded in culture. Subsequently MSC were seeded on bioabsorbable polymers and grown in vitro. Cultivated cells and seeded polymers were studied for cell characterization and tissue formation including extracellular matrix production. Applied methods comprised flow cytometry, histology, immunohistochemistry, transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and biochemical assays.

RESULTS:

Isolated MSC demonstrated fibroblast-like morphology. Phenotype analysis revealed positive signals for alpha-smooth muscle actin and vimentin. Histology and SEM of seeded polymers showed layered tissue formation. TEM demonstrated formation of extracellular matrix with deposition of collagen fibrils. Matrix protein analysis showed production of collagen I and III. In comparison to vascular-derived cell constructs quantitative analysis demonstrated comparable amounts of extracellular matrix proteins in the tissue engineered constructs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Isolated MSC demonstrated myofibroblast-like characteristics. Tissue formation on bioabsorbable scaffolds was feasible with extracellular matrix production comparable to vascular-cell derived tissue engineered constructs. It appears that MSC represent a promising cell source for cardiovascular tissue engineering.

PMID:
12048086
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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