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AIDS. 2002 Jun 14;16(9):1245-9.

Segregation of R5 and X4 HIV-1 variants to memory T cell subsets differentially expressing CD62L in ex vivo infected human lymphoid tissue.

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  • 1INSERM U372, Unité de Pathogénie des Infections à Lentivirus, Marseille, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The mechanisms of HIV-triggered immunodeficiency were examined by determining the segregation of R5 and X4 HIV-1 variants into memory T cell subsets expressing differentially a homing receptor, CD62L-selectin, in human lymphoid tissue.

METHODS:

Subpopulations of CD3 and intracellular p24 gag-positive cells in human lymphoid tissue infected ex vivo with X4 HIV-1 variant NL4-3 and R5 HIV-1 variant AD8 were analysed for expression of the T cell memory markers CD45RO and CD45RA, the T cell homing receptor for lymphoid tissue CD62L, and the HIV-1 coreceptors CCR5 and CXCR4.

RESULTS:

Memory CD4 T cells were the predominant targets for productive infection of lymphoid tissue ex vivo with both R5 and X4 HIV-1. R5 HIV-1 predominantly infected CD62L-negative memory T cells, which selectively express CCR5. In contrast, X4 HIV-1 variants predominantly infected CD62L+ memory T cells, although CXCR4 coreceptor was equally expressed by memory T cells of both CD62L-positive and CD62L-negative subsets. A high proportion of X4 HIV-1, but not of R5 HIV-1, productively infected T cells, displayed a CD45RA+CD45RO+ phenotype.

CONCLUSION:

The selective expression of the CCR5 coreceptor by CD62L-negative terminally differentiated memory T cells correlates with the preferential productive infection of these cells with the R5 HIV-1 variant. The predominance of X4 HIV-1 variants in less-differentiated memory T cells may be related to their recent activation state, as suggested by the coexpression of both CD45RA and CD45RO molecules on their surface. Differential homing of CD62L-positive and CD62L-negative cells suggests different routes of dissemination of X4 and R5 viruses.

PMID:
12045489
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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