Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circ Res. 2002 May 31;90(10):1135-41.

Functional significance of prorenin internalization in the rat heart.

Author information

  • 1Pharmakologisches Institut der Universit├Ąt Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. joerg.peters@urz.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

Intracardiac renin is considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and myocardial infarction. Cardiac renin is predominantly derived from the circulation, because preprorenin is not expressed locally and uptake of renin has been demonstrated. One mechanism of internalization recently described involves the mannose-6-phosphate receptor and requires glycosylation of renin. Based on previous observations, we considered the existence of another pathway of uptake, not requiring glycosylation and predominantly involving prorenin. This hypothesis and its functional consequences were investigated in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrate that isolated adult cardiomyocytes internalize unglycosylated prorenin, which is followed by the generation of angiotensins. We further show that transgenic rats, expressing the ren-2(d) renin gene in an inducible manner, exhibit markedly enhanced levels of unglycosylated renin within intracellular compartments in the heart as a consequence of the induction of hepatic transgene expression and the rise of circulating unglycosylated prorenin levels. Because in this model severe cardiac damage occurs as a consequence of the rise of circulating prorenin levels, internalization of prorenin into cardiac cells is likely to play a key role in this process.

PMID:
12039805
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk