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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002 Jun;26(6):866-9.

The effect of graded levels of exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living women.

Author information

  • 1The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK. J.Stubbs@rri.sari.ac.uk

Abstract

AIM:

We assessed the effect of graded increases in exercised-induced energy expenditure (EE) on appetite, daily energy intake (EI), total daily EE and body weight in six lean women using a within-subject, repeated measures design.

METHOD:

Subjects were each studied three times during 7 day treatments, corresponding to no-exercise (control; Nex; 0 MJ/day), medium exercise level (Mex; approximately 1.9 MJ/day) and high exercise level (Hex; approximately 3.4 MJ/day), with 2 day maintenance beforehand. Subjects self-weighed ad libitum food intake. EE was assessed by continual heart rate monitoring. During waking hours subjects recorded hourly sensations of hunger and appetite.

RESULTS:

EE amounted to 9.2, 11.0 and 12.1 MJ/day (F (2, 10)=5.67; P=0.023 (s.e.d.=0.87)) on the Nex, Mex and Hex treatments, respectively. The corresponding values for EI were 8.9, 9.2 and 10.0 MJ/day (F (2, 10)=4.80; P=0.035 (s.e.d.=0.36)). There were very weak treatment effects on hunger. Weight loss was significantly different from zero on the Mex and Hex treatments.

CONCLUSION:

Markedly increasing EE through exercise produced significant but partial compensations in EI ( approximately 33% of EE due to exercise). Accurate adjustments of El to acute increases in EE are likely to take weeks rather than days.

PMID:
12037658
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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