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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jun 11;99(12):7934-9. Epub 2002 May 28.

Ordered recruitment of histone acetyltransferases and the TRAP/Mediator complex to thyroid hormone-responsive promoters in vivo.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Abstract

Transcriptional coactivators implicated in gene activation by the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) include members of the p160/steroid receptor coactivator (SRC) family of proteins, p300, and the multisubunit TR-associated protein (TRAP)/Mediator complex. We investigated the temporal recruitment of these cofactors to mammalian thyroid hormone (T3)-responsive promoters in vivo. We show that upon T3 treatment, TR recruits all three types of coactivators to specific promoters in at least two sequential steps: p160/SRC proteins and p300 are recruited first and rapidly induce histone acetylation, followed by the recruitment of the TRAP/Mediator complex. Interestingly, inhibition of histone deacetylase activity with trichostatin A elicited a more rapid promoter recruitment of the TRAP/Mediator complex but not p160/SRC proteins. T3-dependent gene expression assays indicate that all three coactivators are targeted to a promoter before significant activation occurs. These findings thus suggest that histone acetylation may be a prerequisite for TRAP/Mediator recruitment and function at specific T3-responsive mammalian promoters.

PMID:
12034878
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC122998
Free PMC Article
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